Is it a Simile or a Metaphor?
Being able to read is important but being able to understand what you read is even more important. When students understand the basics of reading and how figurative language is used in writing, they are more likely to explore their own writing and experiment with figurative language. This lesson is designed specifically for seventh grade students to help them determine the difference between a simile and a metaphor in literature. This lesson will also help students explore their own writing and help them use more figurative language in their own writing so it is not so "boring".
The following two-part lesson will give seventh grade students an opportunity to define both simile and metaphor and see how both are used in writing. They will begin to explore how each is different and alike and then students will begin to use their own writing skills to create similes and metaphors. Technology and multimedia will play an integral part in the lesson as students communicate their experiences through the use of SMART Board, graphic organizers and using computers to write their own examples.
Materials and Resources
Is it a Simile or a Metaphor?
Simile and Metaphor
Is it a Simile or a Metaphor?Simile worksheet.docmetaphor worksheet.doc
Students will be able:
To define simile and metaphor
To determine the difference between simile and metaphor
To develop student writing through the use of figurative language
Approximately two 45-minute classes
- Each student will be given two small dixie cups; one with marshmallows one with M&Ms.
- Each student will be given a Venn diagram and be asked to compare the two items.
- Students will discuss the comparisons and record answers on Smart Board
- Students will be asked of what else a marshmallow reminds them. Answers will discussed and recorded on SMARD Board.
- The teacher will use students' answers and form a simile.
- Students will introduced to the definition of a simile.
- The students will be given several examples of simile and asked to identify what is being compared.
- The student will be given examples of how the language is used in literature by reading the example on the SMART Board and reading from the literature book.
- Students will listen to several examples from a CD of how simile is used in the music they listen to today.
- Students will be given a copy of a song and asked to identify similes and meaning.
- The students will be given an opportunity to use the SMART Board and an interactive website to practice similes.
- The students will be given an opportunity to begin forming their own comparisons using the graphic organizer.
- Students will be given the definition of metaphor.
- Students will be given examples of metaphor.
- Students will practice identifying metaphor.
- Students will complete thinkquest
- Students will determine the difference between simile and metaphor in garbage can game.
- Students will explore their own writing and write a paragraph that describes the perfect summer day that will include at least three similes and three metaphors.
- The students will assess based on discussion, completion of Venn Diagram, and completed worksheet and paragraph.
- This lesson was designed to be used with SMART Board.