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View all PreK-12 NYS Learning Standards in a dropdown list format.
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        • Clarification Statement - S.MS.LS.4.1.CS:
          Emphasis is on finding patterns of changes in the level of complexity of anatomical structures in organisms and the chronological order of fossil appearance in the rock layers.
        • Assessment Boundary - S.MS.LS.4.1.AB:
          Assessment does not include the names of individual species or geological eras in the fossil record.
        • Science and Engineering Practices - 6-8.SEP4.1:
          Analyze and interpret data to determine similarities and differences in findings.
        • Disciplinary Core Ideas - S.MS.LS.4.1.DCI:
          LS4.A: Evidence of Common Ancestry and Diversity •The collection of fossils and their placement in chronological order (e.g., through the location of the sedimentary layers in which they are found or through radioactive dating) is known as the fossil record. It documents the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of many life forms throughout the history of life on Earth.
        • Crosscutting Concepts - CC1.10:
          Graphs, charts, and images can be used to identify patterns in data.
        • Clarification Statement - S.MS.LS.4.2.CS:
          Emphasis is on explanations of the evolutionary relationships among organisms in terms of similarity or differences of the gross appearance of anatomical structures as evidence of common ancestry.
        • Science and Engineering Practices - 6-8.SEP6.5:
          Apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for real-world phenomena, examples, or events.
        • Disciplinary Core Ideas - S.MS.LS.4.2.DCI:
          LS4.A: Evidence of Common Ancestry and Diversity •Anatomical similarities and differences between various organisms living today and between them and organisms in the fossil record, enable the reconstruction of evolutionary history and the inference of lines of evolutionary descent.
        • Crosscutting Concepts - CC1.11:
          Patterns can be used to identify cause and effect relationships.
        • Crosscutting Concepts - CC1.3:
          Similarities and differences in patterns can be used to sort and classify organisms
        • Clarification Statement - S.MS.LS.4.3.CS:
          Emphasis is on inferring general patterns of relatedness among embryos of different organisms by comparing the macroscopic appearance of diagrams or pictures.
        • Assessment Boundary - S.MS.LS.4.3.AB:
          Assessment of comparisons is limited to gross appearance of anatomical structures in embryological development.
        • Disciplinary Core Ideas - S.MS.LS.4.3.DCI:
          LS4.A: Evidence of Common Ancestry and Diversity •Comparison of the embryological development of different species also reveals similarities that show relationships not evident in the fully-formed anatomy.
        • Clarification Statement - S.MS.LS.4.4.CS:
          Emphasis is on using simple probability statements and proportional reasoning to construct explanations.
        • Science and Engineering Practices - 6-8.SEP6.4:
          Construct an explanation that includes qualitative or quantitative relationships between variables that predict phenomena.
        • Disciplinary Core Ideas - S.MS.LS.4.4.DCI:
          LS4.B: Natural Selection •(NYSED) Natural selection can lead to an increase in the frequency of some traits and the decrease in the frequency of other traits.
        • Crosscutting Concepts - CC2.6:
          Phenomena may have more than one cause, and some cause and effect relationships in systems can only be described using probability.
        • Clarification Statement - S.MS.LS.4.6.CS:
          Emphasis is on using mathematical models, probability statements, and proportional reasoning to support explanations of trends in changes to populations over time.
        • Assessment Boundary - S.MS.LS.4.6.AB:
          Assessment does not include Hardy Weinberg calculations.
        • Science and Engineering Practices - 6-8.SEP5.2:
          Use mathematical representations to support scientific conclusions and design solutions.
        • Disciplinary Core Ideas - S.MS.LS.4.6.DCI:
          LS4.C: Adaptation •Adaptation by natural selection acting over generations is one important process by which species change over time in response to changes in environmental conditions. Traits that support successful survival and reproduction in the new environment become more common; those that do not become less common. Thus, the distribution of traits in a population changes.
        • Crosscutting Concepts - CC2.6:
          Phenomena may have more than one cause, and some cause and effect relationships in systems can only be described using probability.
  • Standard Area - TECH: Learning Standards for Technology
    (see MST standards under Previous Standard Versions)
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