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View all PreK-12 NYS Learning Standards in a dropdown list format.
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  • Standard Area - TECH: Learning Standards for Technology
    (see MST standards under Previous Standard Versions)
            • Introduction - MST4.I.LE.4.Introduction:
              The survival of a species depends on the ability of a living organism to produce offspring. Living things go through a life cycle involving both reproductive and developmental stages. Development follows an orderly sequence of events.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.1a:
                Some organisms reproduce asexually. Other organisms reproduce sexually. Some organisms can reproduce both sexually and asexually.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.1b:
                There are many methods of asexual reproduction, including division of a cell into two cells, or separation of part of an animal or plant from the parent, resulting in the growth of another individual.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.1c:
                Methods of sexual reproduction depend upon the species. All methods involve the merging of sex cells to begin the development of a new individual. In many species, including plants and humans, eggs and sperm are produced.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.1d:
                Fertilization and/or development in organisms may be internal or external.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.2a:
                The male sex cell is the sperm. The female sex cell is the egg. The fertilization of an egg by a sperm results in a fertilized egg.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.2b:
                In sexual reproduction, sperm and egg each carry one-half of the genetic information for the new individual. Therefore, the fertilized egg contains genetic information from each parent.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.3a:
                Multicellular organisms exhibit complex changes in development, which begin after fertilization. The fertilized egg undergoes numerous cellular divisions that will result in a multicellular organism, with each cell having identical genetic information.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.3b:
                In humans, the fertilized egg grows into tissue which develops into organs and organ systems before birth.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.3c:
                Various body structures and functions change as an organism goes through its life cycle.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.3d:
                Patterns of development vary among animals. In some species the young resemble the adult, while in others they do not. Some insects and amphibians undergo metamorphosis as they mature.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.3e:
                Patterns of development vary among plants. In seed-bearing plants, seeds contain stored food for early development. Their later development into adulthood is characterized by varying patterns of growth from species to species.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.3f:
                As an individual organism ages, various body structures and functions change.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.4a:
                In multicellular organisms, cell division is responsible for growth, maintenance, and repair. In some one-celled organisms, cell division is a method of asexual reproduction.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.4b:
                In one type of cell division, chromosomes are duplicated and then separated into two identical and complete sets to be passed to each of the two resulting cells. In this type of cell division, the hereditary information is identical in all the cells that result.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.4c:
                Another type of cell division accounts for the production of egg and sperm cells in sexually reproducing organisms. The eggs and sperm resulting from this type of cell division contain one-half of the hereditary information.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.I.LE.4.4d:
                Cancers are a result of abnormal cell division.
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