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View all PreK-12 NYS Learning Standards in a dropdown list format.
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  • Standard Area - TECH: Learning Standards for Technology
    (see MST standards under Previous Standard Versions)
            • Introduction - MST4.E.LE.5.Introduction:
              Students need many opportunities to observe a variety of organisms for the patterns of similarities and differences of the life functions used to sustain life. All organisms carry out basic life functions in order to sustain life. These life functions include growing, taking in nutrients, breathing, reproducing, and eliminating waste. Students need many opportunities to observe and compare these similarities and differences in a variety of organisms. Specimens that could provide these opportunities may include guppies, mealworms, and gerbils, as well as fish, insects, mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, plants, and fungi.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.E.LE.5.1a:
                All living things grow, take in nutrients, breathe, reproduce, and eliminate waste.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.E.LE.5.1b:
                An organism’s external physical features can enable it to carry out life functions in its particular environment.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.E.LE.5.2a:
                Plants respond to changes in their environment. For example, the leaves of some green plants change position as the direction of light changes; the parts of some plants undergo seasonal changes that enable the plant to grow; seeds germinate, and leaves form and grow.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.E.LE.5.2b:
                Animals respond to change in their environment, (e.g., perspiration, heart rate, breathing rate, eye blinking, shivering, and salivating).
              • Major Understandings - MST4.E.LE.5.2c:
                Senses can provide essential information (regarding danger, food, mates, etc.) to animals about their environment.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.E.LE.5.2d:
                Some animals, including humans, move from place to place to meet their needs.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.E.LE.5.2e:
                Particular animal characteristics are influenced by changing environmental conditions including: fat storage in winter, coat thickness in winter, camouflage, shedding of fur.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.E.LE.5.2f:
                Some animal behaviors are influenced by environmental conditions. These behaviors may include: nest building, hibernating, hunting, migrating, and communicating.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.E.LE.5.2g:
                The health, growth, and development of organisms are affected by environmental conditions such as the availability of food, air, water, space, shelter, heat, and sunlight.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.E.LE.5.3a:
                Humans need a variety of healthy foods, exercise, and rest in order to grow and maintain good health.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.E.LE.5.3b:
                Good health habits include hand washing and personal cleanliness; avoiding harmful substances (including alcohol, tobacco, illicit drugs); eating a balanced diet; engaging in regular exercise.
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