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View all PreK-12 NYS Learning Standards in a dropdown list format.
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  • Standard Area - TECH: Learning Standards for Technology
    (see MST standards under Previous Standard Versions)
            • Introduction - MST4.E.LE.3.Introduction:
              Throughout time, plants and animals have changed depending on their environment. In learning how organisms have been successful in their habitats, students should observe and record information about plants and animals. They should begin to recognize how differences among individuals within a species can help an organism or population to survive. Students at this level will identify the behaviors and physical adaptations that allow organisms to survive in their environment.
              • Major Understandings - MST4.E.LE.3.1a:
                Each animal has different structures that serve different functions in growth, survival, and reproduction.
                • wings, legs, or fins enable some animals to seek shelter and escape predators
                • the mouth, including teeth, jaws, and tongue, enables some animals to eat and drink
                • eyes, nose, ears, tongue, and skin of some animals enable the animals to sense their surroundings
                • claws, shells, spines, feathers, fur, scales, and color of body covering enable some animals to protect themselves from predators and other environmental conditions, or enable them to obtain food
                • some animals have parts that are used to produce sounds and smells to help the animal meet its needs
                • the characteristics of some animals change as seasonal conditions change (e.g., fur grows and is shed to help regulate body heat; body fat is a form of stored energy and it changes as the seasons change)
              • Major Understandings - MST4.E.LE.3.1b:
                Each plant has different structures that serve different functions in growth, survival, and reproduction.
                • roots help support the plant and take in water and nutrients
                • leaves help plants utilize sunlight to make food for the plant
                • stems, stalks, trunks, and other similar structures provide support for the plant
                • some plants have flowers
                • flowers are reproductive structures of plants that produce fruit which contains seeds
                • seeds contain stored food that aids in germination and the growth of young plants
              • Major Understandings - MST4.E.LE.3.1c:
                In order to survive in their environment, plants and animals must be adapted to that environment.
                • seeds disperse by a plant’s own mechanism and/or in a variety of ways that can include wind, water, and animals
                • leaf, flower, stem, and root adaptations may include variations in size, shape, thickness, color, smell, and texture
                • animal adaptations include coloration for warning or attraction, camouflage, defense mechanisms, movement, hibernation, and migration
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