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## Browse Standards

View all PreK-12 NYS Learning Standards in a dropdown list format.
• Standard Area - TECH: Learning Standards for Technology
(see MST standards under Previous Standard Versions)
• Introduction - MST4.I.PS5.Introduction:

Examples of objects in motion can be seen all around us. These motions result from an interaction of energy and matter. This interaction creates forces (pushes and pulls) that produce predictable patterns of change. Common forces would include gravity, magnetism, and electricity. Friction is a force that should always be considered in a discussion of motion.

When the forces acting on an object are unbalanced, changes in that object's motion occur. The changes could include a change in speed or a change in direction. When the forces are balanced, the motion of that object will remain unchanged. Understanding the laws that govern motion allows us to predict these changes in motion.

• Major Understandings - MST4.I.PS5.1a:
The motion of an object is always judged with respect to some other object or point. The idea of absolute motion or rest is misleading.
• Major Understandings - MST4.I.PS5.1b:
The motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed.
• Major Understandings - MST4.I.PS5.1c:
An object's motion is the result of the combined effect of all forces acting on the object. A moving object that is not subjected to a force will continue to move at a constant speed in a straight line. An object at rest will remain at rest.
• Major Understandings - MST4.I.PS5.1d:
Force is directly related to an object's mass and acceleration. The greater the force, the greater the change in motion.
• Major Understandings - MST4.I.PS5.1e:
For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.