Last updated: 6/8/2016

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Social Studies-7th Grade- October

Social Studies: Colonial Developments/American Independence


7.2 Colonial Developments: Colonies Take Root

  • After two failed attempts, the English successfully established a foothold in the Americas.
  • Fleeing religious persecution and seeking economic opportunity, the English looked to the New World for a better life.
  • The 13 original colonies developed into three distinct regions: New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies.
  • The Spanish established unique settlements in the South.

7.3 American Independence:  Life in the Colonies

  • The English colonies were deeply rooted in English traditions.
  • Distinct social classes developed in the colonies.
  • Slavery expanded as the colonies grew.
  • Religious and Enlightenment ideas helped shape colonial life.


Colonial Developments: Colonies Take Root

How did the English start colonies with distinct qualities in North America?

  • How did the English set up their first colonies?
  • How did religious beliefs and dissent influence the New England Colonies?
  • How did the diverse Middle Colonies develop and thrive?
  • What factors influenced the development of the Southern Colonies?
  • How did the Spanish establish colonies on the borderlands?

American Independence:  Life in the Colonies

How did colonial life take shape?

  • How did English ideas about government and trade affect the colonies?
  • What were the characteristics of colonial society?
  • How did slavery develop in the colonies and affect colonial life?
  • How did ideas about religion and government influence colonial life?
(1) SS.7.2 COLONIAL DEVELOPMENTS: European exploration of the New World resulted in various interactions with Native Americans and in colonization. The American colonies were established for a variety of reasons and developed differently based on economic, social, and geographic factors. Colonial America had a variety of social structures under which not all people were treated equally.
(1) SS.7.3 AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE: Growing tensions over political power and economic issues sparked a movement for independence from Great Britain. New York played a critical role in the course and outcome of the American Revolution.
(1) SS.I.1 Students will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of major ideas, eras, themes, developments, and turning points in the history of the United States and New York.
(1) SS.I.3 Students will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of the geography of the interdependent world in which we live—local, national, and global—including the distribution of people, places, and environments over the Earth’s surface.

College, Career, and Civil Life (C3) Skills

Dimension 1: Developing Questions and Planning Inquiries

  • D1.1.6-8. Explain how a question represents key ideas in the field.

Dimension 2: Applying Disciplinary Concepts & Tools

  • Civics D2.Civ.6.6-8. Describe the roles of political, civil, and economic organizations in shaping people's lives.
  • Economics D2.Eco.1.6-8. Explain how economic decisions affect the well-being of individuals, businesses, and society.
  • Economics D2.Eco.13.6-8. Explain why standards of living increase as productivity improves.
  • Geography D2.Geo.4.6-8. Explain how cultural patterns and economic decisions influence environments and the daily lives of people in both nearby and distant places.
  • History D2.His.2.6-8 Classify series of historical events and developments as examples of change and/or continuity.
  • History D2.His.9.6-8. Classify the kinds of historical sources used in a secondary interpretation.

Dimension 3: Evaluating Sources & Using Evidence

  • D3.2.6-8. Evaluate the credibility of a source by determining its relevance and intended use.

Dimension 4: Communicating Conclusions & Taking Informed Action

  • D4.5.6-8. Critique the structure of explanations.


 NCSS: Essential Skills for Social Studies

  • Determine main idea
  • Evaluate sources of information--print, visual, electronic
  • Draw inferences from factual material
  • Use annotations to produce written summaries
  • Read various forms of printed materials
  • Write a 5 paragraph essay

7.2 Colonial Developments: Colonies Take Root


representative government




town meeting

proprietary colony

royal colony








7.3 American Independence:  Life in the Colonies


bill of rights

habeas corpus

freedom of the press


extended family



middle class

indentured servant

triangular trade


slave codes


natural rights

separation of powers

Do Now Questions

5 paragraph essay

Graphic organizer

J. Dodge differentiated activities

Annotated notes

Primary source documents

Constructed response questions

Map Quiz

Chapter Tests

25 Quick Formative Assessments - Judy Dodge

America: History of our Nation - Prentice Hall


Interactive Reading

4 Square Vocabulary

CLOZE Activities

New England, Middle, Southern Colonies Chart

Venn Diagram

Medicine in Colonial America Differentiated Readings

Toolkit Inquiry: Pilgrims and Native Americans



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