Last updated: 1/7/2015


Grade 1 Science - Weather

  Subject:   Math, Science & Technology
  Grade:   1st Grade
  Unit Title:  

Grade 1 Science - Weather

  Approx. Number of Weeks:  

September - June

Unit Summary:

This unit is an introduction to weather and how weather affects people.  Students will experiment using simple measurement tools.  Students will record, interpret, and write about weather.

Next Generation Skills Addressed:
   Collaboration & Communication
   Creativity & Innovation
   Critical Thinking & Problem Solving
   Research & Information Fluency
   Social & Emotional Intelligence

1. What will students know and be able to do?


MST4 - Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment and recognize the historical development of ideas in science.

MST4.E.PS1.1 - Students describe patterns of daily, monthly, and seasonal changes in their environment.

MST4.E.PS2 - Many of the phenomena that we observe on Earth involve interactions among components of air, water, and land.

MST4.E.PS2.1a - Weather is the condition of the outside air at a particular moment.

MST4.E.PS2.1b - Weather can be described and measured by:
  • temperature
  • wind speed and direction
  • form and amount of precipitation
  • general sky conditions (cloudy, sunny, partly cloudy)

MST4.E.PS3 - Matter is made up of particles whose properties determine the observable characteristics of matter and its reactivity.

MST4.E.PS3.2a - Matter exists in three states: solid, liquid, gas.
  • solids have a definite shape and volume
  • liquids do not have a definite shape but have a definite volume
  • gases do not hold their shape or volume

MST4.E.PS3.2b - Temperature can affect the state of matter of a substance.

MST4.E.PS3.2c - Changes in the properties or materials of objects can be observed and described.

Essential Understandings:

Weather is the condition of the outside air at a particular time.

Weather changes day-to-day and week-to-week.

Weather can be measured.

Weather affects the decisions people make.


Essential Questions:

How does where we live affect how we live?

Students will know:

Weather is the condition of the outside air at a particular moment.

  • Weather is what is looks and feels like outside.
  • weather changes day to day.

Weather can be described and measured by:

  • Temperature
  • Wind speed and direction
  • Forms of Precipitation
  • General sky conditions (i.e. cloud cover)

Tools are used to measure different features of weather.

Meteorologists are scientists who study weather.

The temperature affects the weather.

Changes in the properties of water can be observed.

Weather affects the decision people make about clothing they wear and about their outside activities.

There are seasonal changes in the weather in our geographic area.


Students will be able to:

  • Observe the weather using senses.
  • Discuss and record information about weather.
  • Interpret long-term weather data.
  • Observe differences in types of clouds.
  • Identify weather features such as cloud cover, wind speed and wind direction, precipitation, and temperature.
  • Describe the effects of the temperature on the weather.
  • Identify and measure different forms of precipitation (rain, snow)
  • Conduct experiments and draw conclusions about appropriate clothing for different types of weather.
  • Describe typical weather conditions for each of the seasons in our geographic region.
  • Describe the effects of temperature on water. (Identify the three states of matter as solid, liquid and gas).

2. How will we – and they – know?

Authentic Performance Task:

Monthly Weather Graph (interpretation and comparison with written student response)

Temperature reading (understandings should include higher number/hotter temperature, lower number/colder temperature, typical temperatures for our area, reading a thermometer within a +/- 5 degree range)

Sorting cloud pictures (there are different types of clouds, different clouds = different weather)

NOTE:  it is not necessary for students to remember the specific cloud names, just some of the attributes)


Common Benchmark Assessment:

3. What learning activities will students participate in?

Learning Activities:

1.  Introducing Weather

  • sharing what we know about weather
  • observing the weather
  • recording the weather
    • daily weather charts
    • monthly weather journal

2.  Wind

  • estimating wind speed

3.  Temperature

  • reading a thermometer
  • making a thermometer
  • comparing inside and outside temperatures
  • measuring water temperature
  • experimenting with color and temperature

4. Precipitation

  • making a rain gauge
  • exploring puddles
  • testing rainy day fabrics (optional, this idea can be taught using real life clothing examples)
  • measuring snowfall

5.  Clouds

  • Kinds of clouds
  • observing clouds
  • classifying clouds

6.  Comparing forecasts to today's temperature

7.  Summarizing our weather observations

Discipline Specific Considerations:

Misconception Alerts;

  • All clouds are rain clouds
  • Confusing "seasons" and weather
  • Clouds have solid mass like cotton balls
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