Last updated: 7/1/2015

## Science Grade 8ES Measuring the Earth

Science Grade 8ES Measuring the Earth

2-4 weeks

Structure of the Earth, and locations on the surface, are determined using precise measurements.

Models of various types are used to gain greater understanding of the structure of the Earth.

What is the structure of the Earth?

How are the physical properties of the Earth determined?

How are positions on the Earth's surface determined?

 (1) MST1 Students will use mathematical analysis, scientific inquiry, and engineering design, as appropriate, to pose questions, seek answers, and develop solutions. (1) MST2 Students will access, generate, process, and transfer information using appropriate technologies. (1) MST3 Students will understand the concepts of and become proficient with the skills of mathematics, communicate and reason mathematically, and become problem solvers by using appropriate tools and strategies, through the integrated study of number sense and operations, algebra, geometry, measurement, and statistics and probability. (1) MST4 Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment and recognize the historical development of ideas in science. (1) MST5 Students will apply technological knowledge and skills to design, construct, use, and evaluate products and systems to satisfy human and environmental needs. (1) MST6 Students will understand the relationships and common themes that connect mathematics, science, and technology and apply the themes to these and other areas of learning. (1) MST7 Students will apply the knowledge and thinking skills of mathematics, science, and technology to address real-life problems and make informed decisions.

Creating and using models to interpret the physical properties of the Earth.

Using isolines to construct and interpret field maps.

Calculating gradient and rate of change.

Using latitude and longitude to determine position on the Earth's surface.

Determining the size and shape of the Earth.

Using topographic maps to construct profiles of the surface.

Atmosphere

Contour line

Coordinate system

Crust

Field

Hydrosphere

Inner core

Isobar

Isoline

Latitude

Lithosphere

Longitude

Mantle

Meridian

Model

Outer core

Polaris

Prime Meridian

Profile

Slope

Topographic map

Altitude

Circumference

Chronometer

Contour interval

Contour map

Graphic model

International Date Line

Isotherms

Laboratory model

Mathematical model

Mental model

Parallel (of latitude)

Physical model

Solar noon

Solar time

Classwork

Unit Activities

Unit Laboratory Experiments

Unit Laboratory Skills

Unit Assessments

Bill Nye Videos

Eyewitness Videos

UPCO Physical Setting Earth Science Review

UPCO Exploration in Earth Science Physical Setting

Glencoe Earth Science Text

Glencoe Earth Science Science Notebook